# 43 Lecture

## Emitter-Stabilized Bias Circuit Load Line Analysis

he emitter-stabilized bias circuit load line analysis is a method used to analyze the performance of a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) amplifier circuit.

## Important Mcq's Midterm & Finalterm Prepration Past papers included

In an emitter-stabilized bias circuit, the base voltage is:

A) fixed

B) variable

C) equal to the collector voltage

D) equal to the emitter voltage

What is the purpose of the emitter resistor in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

A) to provide a voltage drop across the base-emitter junction

B) to provide a voltage drop across the collector-emitter junction

C) to stabilize the bias point against changes in transistor characteristics

D) to increase the gain of the circuit

Answer: C) to stabilize the bias point against changes in transistor characteristics

In an emitter-stabilized bias circuit, the load line represents:

A) the voltage across the transistor

B) the current through the transistor

C) the power dissipated by the transistor

D) the operating point of the transistor

Answer: B) the current through the transistor

If the emitter resistor in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit is increased, what happens to the operating point?

A) it moves up the load line

B) it moves down the load line

C) it stays at the same point on the load line

D) it cannot be determined without additional information

In an emitter-stabilized bias circuit, what is the effect of increasing the collector resistor?

A) it increases the voltage gain of the circuit

B) it decreases the voltage gain of the circuit

C) it has no effect on the voltage gain of the circuit

D) it causes the circuit to become unstable

Answer: B) it decreases the voltage gain of the circuit

The operating point of an emitter-stabilized bias circuit is determined by:

A) the intersection of the load line and the transistor characteristic curve

B) the value of the emitter resistor

C) the value of the collector resistor

D) the value of the base resistor

Answer: A) the intersection of the load line and the transistor characteristic curve

In an emitter-stabilized bias circuit, what is the purpose of the bypass capacitor?

A) to filter out high-frequency signals

B) to provide a low-impedance path for AC signals

C) to reduce the DC voltage drop across the emitter resistor

D) to prevent oscillations in the circuit

Answer: C) to reduce the DC voltage drop across the emitter resistor

The Q point of an emitter-stabilized bias circuit is:

A) the same as the operating point

B) the point where the load line intersects the transistor characteristic curve

C) the point where the load line intersects the voltage axis

D) the point where the load line intersects the current axis

Answer: A) the same as the operating point

What is the effect of decreasing the value of the base resistor in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

A) it increases the voltage gain of the circuit

B) it decreases the voltage gain of the circuit

C) it has no effect on the voltage gain of the circuit

D) it causes the circuit to become unstable

Answer: D) it causes the circuit to become unstable

The purpose of the load line in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit is to:

A) represent the voltage gain of the circuit

B) represent the current gain of the circuit

C) determine the operating point of the circuit

D) determine the bias point of the circuit

Answer: C) determine the operating point of the circuit

## Subjective Short Notes Midterm & Finalterm Prepration Past papers included

What is an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: An emitter-stabilized bias circuit is a type of biasing circuit used in transistor amplifiers, which provides a stable operating point by using a negative feedback loop.

What is a load line in a transistor circuit?

Answer: A load line is a graphical representation of the relationship between the output voltage and current in a transistor circuit, which is used to determine the operating point of the circuit.

What is the purpose of the emitter resistor in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: The emitter resistor is used to provide negative feedback, which stabilizes the operating point of the transistor and improves its linearity.

How is the Q-point determined in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: The Q-point, or the operating point, is determined by the intersection of the load line and the DC bias line.

What happens to the Q-point if the emitter resistor is increased?

Answer: If the emitter resistor is increased, the Q-point will move towards the center of the load line.

How does the AC signal affect the emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: The AC signal causes a small variation in the collector current and voltage, which moves the operating point along the load line.

What is the purpose of the bypass capacitor in an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: The bypass capacitor is used to bypass the AC signal around the emitter resistor, which prevents negative feedback from affecting the AC signal.

What is the difference between a fixed bias circuit and an emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: In a fixed bias circuit, the Q-point is fixed and does not change with variations in temperature or transistor parameters. In an emitter-stabilized bias circuit, the negative feedback stabilizes the Q-point and compensates for variations in temperature and transistor parameters.

How is the emitter-stabilized bias circuit affected by variations in temperature?

Answer: Variations in temperature cause the transistor parameters to change, which affects the Q-point. The negative feedback in the emitter-stabilized bias circuit compensates for these variations and stabilizes the Q-point.

How does the value of the emitter resistor affect the gain of the emitter-stabilized bias circuit?

Answer: The value of the emitter resistor affects the gain of the circuit by changing the slope of the load line. A smaller emitter resistor will result in a steeper load line and a higher gain, while a larger emitter resistor will result in a flatter load line and a lower gain.