# 24 Lecture

## MTH101

### Midterm & Final Term Short Notes

## Newton’s Method, Rolle’s Theorem and Mean Value Theorem

Newton's Method is a numerical method used to find the roots of a function. The root of a function is a value of x that makes the function equal to zero.

**Important Mcq's**

Midterm & Finalterm Prepration

Past papers included

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**What is Newton's Method?**

a) A numerical method to find the area under a curve

b) A numerical method to find the roots of a function

c) A method to find the maximum value of a function

d) A method to find the derivative of a function

Answer: b) A numerical method to find the roots of a function

**How many endpoints does an interval have?**

a) One

b) Two

c) Three

d) Four

Answer: b) Two

**What is the significance of Rolle's Theorem?**

a) It is used to find the area under a curve

b) It is used to find the maximum or minimum value of a function

c) It is used to find the roots of a function

d) It is used to prove the existence of a point where the derivative of a function is zero

Answer: d) It is used to prove the existence of a point where the derivative of a function is zero

**What is the Mean Value Theorem?**

a) A theorem that states that the derivative of a function is equal to the average rate of change of the function over an interval

b) A theorem that states that the integral of a function is equal to the average value of the function over an interval

c) A theorem that states that the maximum or minimum value of a function occurs at a point where the derivative of the function is zero

d) A theorem that states that the area under a curve is equal to the antiderivative of the function

Answer: a) A theorem that states that the derivative of a function is equal to the average rate of change of the function over an interval

**Which theorem is an extension of Rolle's Theorem?**

a) Mean Value Theorem

b) Intermediate Value Theorem

c) Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

d) Power Rule

Answer: a) Mean Value Theorem

**What is the relationship between Newton's Method and the roots of a function?**

a) Newton's Method is used to find the maximum value of a function

b) Newton's Method is used to find the minimum value of a function

c) Newton's Method is used to find the roots of a function

d) Newton's Method is used to find the slope of a tangent line to a function

Answer: c) Newton's Method is used to find the roots of a function

**What is the formula for the Mean Value Theorem?**

a) f(b) - f(a) = (b - a)f'(c)

b) f(b) - f(a) = (b - a)f(c)

c) f'(b) - f'(a) = (b - a)f(c)

d) f'(b) - f'(a) = (b - a)f''(c)

Answer: a) f(b) - f(a) = (b - a)f'(c)

**How can Rolle's Theorem be used to find the maximum or minimum value of a function?**

a) By finding the value of c where the derivative of the function is zero

b) By finding the value of c where the derivative of the function is undefined

c) By finding the value of c where the function is zero

d) By finding the value of c where the function is undefined

Answer: a) By finding the value of c where the derivative of the function is zero

**What is the interval in the Mean Value Theorem?**

a) The difference between the maximum and minimum values of a function

b) The difference between the endpoints of an interval

c) The slope of the tangent line to a function

d) The antiderivative of a

**Subjective Short Notes**

Midterm & Finalterm Prepration

Past papers included

Download PDF
**What is Newton's Method?**

**Answer:** Newton's Method is a numerical method used to find the roots of a function.

**How does Newton's Method work?**

**Answer:** Newton's Method involves approximating the root of a function by using the tangent line of the function at a point.

**Who was Rolle's Theorem named after?**

**Answer: **Rolle's Theorem was named after Michel Rolle.

**What does Rolle's Theorem state?**

**Answer:** Rolle's Theorem states that if a function has the same value at the endpoints of an interval, then there must be at least one point in the interval where the derivative of the function is zero.

**What is the Mean Value Theorem?**

**Answer: **The Mean Value Theorem is a theorem in calculus that states there must be at least one point in an interval where the slope of the tangent line to the function is equal to the average rate of change of the function over the interval.

**What is the relationship between Rolle's Theorem and Mean Value Theorem?**

**Answer:** Mean Value Theorem is an extension of Rolle's Theorem.

**What is the significance of Rolle's Theorem in calculus?**

**Answer:** Rolle's Theorem has important applications in calculus, especially in optimization problems.

**What is the significance of Mean Value Theorem in calculus?**

**Answer: **Mean Value Theorem has important applications in calculus, especially in understanding the behavior of functions.

**How can we use Rolle's Theorem to find the maximum or minimum value of a function?**

**Answer: **We can use Rolle's Theorem to show that the maximum or minimum value of a function must occur at a point where the derivative of the function is zero.

**How can we use the Mean Value Theorem to find a point where the slope of the tangent line is equal to the average rate of change of the function over an interval?**

**Answer:** We can use the Mean Value Theorem to find a point where the slope of the tangent line is equal to the average rate of change of the function by setting the equation of the theorem and solving for c.

### Newton’s Method, Rolle’s Theorem, and Mean Value Theorem

Calculus is an important branch of mathematics that deals with the study of rates of change, slopes, and integration. It has a wide range of applications in fields such as physics, engineering, economics, and finance. In this article, we will discuss three important concepts in calculus: Newton's Method, Rolle's Theorem, and Mean Value Theorem. Newton's Method is a numerical method used to find the roots of a function. The root of a function is a value of x that makes the function equal to zero. Newton's Method is also known as the Newton-Raphson method, named after Sir Isaac Newton and Joseph Raphson. The method involves approximating the root of a function by using the tangent line of the function at a point. The tangent line is a straight line that touches the function at that point and has the same slope as the function at that point. To use Newton's Method, we start with an initial guess, x0, for the root of the function f(x). Then we find the equation of the tangent line to the function f(x) at x0. The equation of the tangent line is given by: y - f(x0) = f'(x0) (x - x0) where f'(x0) is the derivative of the function f(x) at x0. The root of the function can be approximated by the x-intercept of the tangent line, which is given by: x1 = x0 - f(x0) / f'(x0) We repeat this process, using x1 as the new guess for the root of the function, until we get a sufficiently accurate estimate for the root. Rolle's Theorem is a theorem in calculus that is named after Michel Rolle. The theorem states that if a function f(x) is continuous on the closed interval [a, b], and differentiable on the open interval (a, b), and if f(a) = f(b), then there exists at least one point c in (a, b) such that f'(c) = 0. In simpler terms, the theorem states that if a function has the same value at the endpoints of an interval, then there must be at least one point in the interval where the derivative of the function is zero. The theorem has important applications in calculus, especially in optimization problems. For example, if we want to find the maximum or minimum value of a function on an interval, we can use Rolle's Theorem to show that the maximum or minimum value must occur at a point where the derivative of the function is zero. Mean Value Theorem is another important theorem in calculus, which is closely related to Rolle's Theorem. The theorem states that if a function f(x) is continuous on the closed interval [a, b], and differentiable on the open interval (a, b), then there exists at least one point c in (a, b) such that: f(b) - f(a) = f'(c) (b - a) In simpler terms, the theorem states that there must be at least one point in the interval where the slope of the tangent line to the function is equal to the average rate of change of the function over the interval. The Mean Value Theorem has important applications in calculus, especially in understanding the behavior of functions. For example, if we want to know how fast a function is changing over an interval, we can use the Mean Value Theorem to find a point in the interval where the slope of the tangent line is equal to the average rate of change of the function over the interval.**In conclusion,**Newton's Method, Rolle's Theorem, and Mean Value Theorem are important concepts in calculus that have a wide range of applications